The SAT Mathematics test is the most unique portion of the exam in terms of both formatting and question types. Overall, this test section contains 58 questions, for which you will receive 80 minutes to complete. Each question falls under one of two subsections and one of two formats.
The question formats for this section of the exam are “grid-in” and multiple choice. Multiple choice questions are likely the most familiar format for you; you solve a problem and pick from one of four answer choices. Grid-in questions are a bit different. Rather than choosing one uniform answer, you must write in your answer in a boxed space, then fill in bubbles underneath each written digit, which represents the number you have written.
The first subsection is known as Math Test – Calculator. As its name suggests, you may use a calculator on this portion of the SAT; in fact, it is the only area of the test where calculator use is allowed. There will be eight grid-in questions and 30 multiple choice questions. The amount of time you have to complete this subsection is 55 minutes.
The second subsection is Math Test – No Calculator. You may not use a calculator on this area of the exam. There are five grid-in questions and 15 multiple choice questions, which you will receive 25 minutes to complete.
Finally, there are three subject categories for the material featured on the Mathematics test: Passport to Advanced Math, Problem Solving and Data Analysis, and Heart of Algebra. Passport to Advanced Math deals with subjects and problem types that extend beyond algebra, such as exponentials and non-linear expressions. Problem Solving and Data Analysis centers on problem-solving, statistics, and related topics. Finally, Heart of Algebra focuses on algebraic areas of math, including linear functions and equations.